A Stroke of Genius – Dayton WPA Artist Robert Lee Neal

I had a discussion with other African American genealogists about using Ancestry family trees. My opinion was that I hoped that more subscribers would make their trees public instead of private. The connections that I’ve made from researching public trees has been invaluable, and one in particular stands out in my mind. My final tribute during Black History Month is a salute to my first cousin Robert Lee Neal (1917-1987).

Robert Lee Neal Photo courtesy of C.H. Neal, ©RootStories, All Rights Reserved.
Robert Lee Neal
Photo courtesy of C.H. Neal, ©RootStories, All Rights Reserved.

My grandfather’s sister told me many stories about their father Roy Neal, and even though I have no pictures of him I wanted to find any of his nine sisters and brothers. While researching the family trees on Ancestry I happened to find a connection with one of the brothers, William Neal. This was a rare occasion because most of the trees are private and don’t allow me to make sure I have a positive match. I emailed the owner and he wrote back explaining that indeed, his great uncle was the same William Neal! I was so excited to share information with him that we emailed back and forth for days, sending pictures and sharing more stories of the other side of our families. I could never find such personal information from a book or online, so to me it was more valuable than any other resource.

It was in this exchange that I found one of William Neal’s sons Robert Lee Neal. Although I learned that all of William’s sons were creative, intelligent and witty, I was drawn to Robert’s artwork and the dedication to his craft. I found magazine articles from when he was a child entering art contests, and continued through his adult years studying under famous WPA artists. Here’s an excerpt from one of the newspapers:

Another local artist who worked with one of the WPA’s most famous artists and a well-known African American Dayton painter. Neal did not live in Dayton when he was involved with the WPA. A native of Atlanta, he started painting under the guidance of the famous African American muralist Hale Woodruff. “He began his studies when he was 15, and his lessons cost 50 cents a day,” said Neal’s widow, Alberta Smith Neal. “When he was about 18, Mr. Woodruff wanted him to enter a big show, but Bob didn’t have the right clothes and couldn’t afford to attend the opening. Mr. Woodruff rented him a limousine and a tuxedo so he could go, and Bob ended up taking first place in the show-his painting was judge to be better than his teacher’s (Woodruff)”.

Neal moved to Dayton in the early 1940’s, after the WPA program had ended, but many local artists recall his stories of Woodruff and his own work with the WPA murals. “Bob was Woodruff’s understudy for the Amistad murals at Talledega College in Alabama,” said Michael Sampson, local artist and coordinator for public communication at the National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center at Wilberforce University. The murals were painted in 1939, just before Neal came to Dayton, and Sampson has a copy of a letter written by Woodruff to his biographers that clearly establishes that “Bob actually did the cartoons (under drawings) for the murals, and he posed for all the hand drawings and some of the figures done in the mural.” Photographs of the mural series, titled The Mutiny Aboard the Amistad 1839, were on display in the DAI exhibition, and those who knew Neal could recognize his long expressive hands on the men in the paintings; in addition, many of the figures- and even some of the faces- share the same features of Neal’s self-portraits.

In Dayton, Neal continued to paint, and some recall his mural that decorated the Lakeside Grill (now the Crescendo) on Germantown St. The club is still operating, but the mural has been painted over. None of the local WPA artists in this article are with us today, and unfortunately, neither is most of their WPA work. Undoubtedly, not all of the work produced under the auspices of the WPA could be labeled as “great”, but the WPA and the art that it spawned is part of America’s –and Dayton’s- history, and its goal to integrate art into daily life played an important role in our public art legacy. It is ironic that, in just half a century, so much work that was intended to preserve local heritage has been destroyed and forgotten by the “future generations” which it was intended to inspire. Perhaps the most important lesson to be learned from such devastation is that it is imperative to preserve and document public art. After all, it is our public art that, in part, documents and preserves our times, our history, and our heritage.

Copyright 1998 Virginia Burroughs-Dayton Voice

Robert Neal

14 thoughts on “A Stroke of Genius – Dayton WPA Artist Robert Lee Neal

    1. RootsGenie

      Thanks Amy! I agree that collaboration is key, and when it’s a rare opportunity I feel like I’m one step closer to reuniting my ancestors. Thanks for stopping by!

    1. RootsGenie

      Thanks Derrica! I will be posting more connections in the upcoming weeks. I try to use as many resources as possible!

  1. Wonderful post, and great break-through on your first cousin Robert’s story. He was a part of this country’s history, and his story will live on for others thanks to your post. Thanks for sharing.

    1. RootsGenie

      You’re right, Joann, and it might have been many years before I found him without my tree being out there. I love finding new family members, and even more so when they have pictures and stories to go with the names. Thanks so much for visiting!

  2. Delores Summons

    This journey we are on is not for the faint of heart; there is a much work to be done and you seem to be up for the challenge! Good work.

  3. The picture of Bob Neal was one I have had for years. He was my dad’s older brother and lived with us in Dayton, OH. He worked for the Monsanto Corp for years and gave painting instruction in our home on weekends. He and my dad are responsible for my love of nature and of American and world history. I just wish his work could have been viewed more widely as he was supremely talented and a very great man.


    Calvin, I’m a collector of African American Art. A while ago I purchase a large 26 x 36 oil on canvas entitled “Children In front of Projects” It’s a wonderful oil on canvas of 5 African American children in front of where they live. I love this painting!! It is so well painted in capturing the mood of the time period. The painting is not dated but the children are dress in late 60’s early 70’s clothing. The painting is signed NRL. Could this possibly be by your cousin Robert Lee Neal? I would love to show your family photo’s of the painting so they could provide any feed back on if they remember seeing this painting. I purchased the painting from a family outside of Boston Mas area. I am not sure if Mr. Neal ever signed in this manner, but I would love to send you photo to get your families opinion. Please just send me an email address. Sincerely, Jonathan

  5. Huston Godwin

    I’m so happy I found this site. I pulled a beautiful pastel portrait in a frame out of the dumpster at an auction. Signed by Neal. I adore it.

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